Almost every second person living in the states of sub-Saharan Africa lives below the poverty line. Angola has taken steps to address such criticism in recent years, with the 2012 election deemed “generally free and fair” by neutral observers. What people aren’t unaware of however, when it comes to Africa as a whole, are the issues. The PPP values a country’s currency by the amount of goods it can purchase in that country and not just by its value thereby removing the exchange rate problem. Many African countries are also landlocked and rely on other countries to get their goods to the market thus increasing their cost and reducing the competitiveness of their prices. But a common thread is that the wholesale expropriation of resources during colonial times has barely slowed through the post-independence era, albeit with new beneficiaries. Burgis, a former correspondent in Lagos and Johannesburg, finds a wide variety of kleptocrats and rackets over his travels through dozens of resource-rich countries. “Nobody thinks they are the bad guy.”, Those are some of the reasons why Africa is lagging behind as the Poorest Continent.[1]. Particularly affected by poverty in Africa are the weakest members of society, their children and women. According to a UN report,[2] the Congolese army crushed the uprising and killed around 100 people, many by summary execution. “The lesson for those in the West who want to address the damage from oil and mining industries, and the corruption that goes with them, is ‘put your own house in order,'” he says. The subsequent decline of Asia was attributed to its integration with a world economy shaped by colonialism and driven by imperialism. Africa, however, is developing very quickly and has seen significant economic … Sadly, to say, the Venezuela is facing too many issues but a major socioeconomic problem. So, having this largest desert, corruption, weak economic infrastructure, unstable government, overpopulation, unemployment forced these countries in the top 10 list. The combination of staggering wealth, rampant violence, and abject poverty in DR Congo is no coincidence, but part of a pattern causing devastation across Africa, according to Financial Times investigative journalist Tom Burgis. Burgis cites another colonial hangover in the continued presence and power of oil and mining firms. He cites Angola, which earns almost half of its GDP from oil, as an example of government as “a service for the elite.” A 2011 IMF audit revealed that $32 billion disappeared from official accounts between 2007 and 2010, a quarter of the state’s income.[2]. In March 2013, Africa was identified as the world's poorest inhabited continent; however, the World Bank expects that most African countries will reach "middle income" status (defined as at least US$ 10,000 per person a year) by 2025 if current growth rates continue. The list includes the top ten African nations that are living in absolute poverty. Please use the button below to contribute to Newslex Point, Inc. using a credit card or via PayPal. As of 2016, the world’s GDP per capita averaged US$ 10,300. “African countries have adopted the market orthodoxy that led them to pare down states and embrace global economic competition in which they are overwhelmingly the losers.”. “There is a troubling possibility that it’s not possible to put natural resources in these countries to work for the common good,” says Burgess. Despite sharing an island with Haiti, the Dominican Republic is in a much better … This is a measure of the total output of a country in a year divided by the number of people in that country. [1]Poverty is widespread, there is a great threat of communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. Burgis believes that diversifying economies away from a single resource as President Buhari’s government in Nigeria is attempting to do can mitigate the effects of dependency.[1]. North America has a multifaceted economic system and the largest GDP per capita according to the International Monetary Fund 2016 report. The US is the largest economy in North America accounting for over 85% of the continent’s gross domestic product. GDP Per Capita measures the economic output of a country by accounting for its population. Rich in gold, oil, uranium and diamonds, the Central African Republic is a very wealthy country inhabited by very poor people. ...Africa: The Poorest Continent in the World By Haile Hamlett You have just been kidnapped and the war lord has gotten you so addicted to drugs you’ll do anything for him to get them. Learn how your comment data is processed. Africa has an average GDP per capita of 1,809, the lowest of the six continents. “In the 1980s, bribes were literally cars full of cash and you handed the key to the official you were trying to bribe.” This as well makes Africa the Poorest Continent. Pa is believed to lead the secretive Queensway investor group, and Burgis claims he has represented the Chinese state, although the government denies this.[1]. Over half of the nations in Africa are considered to be the poorest in the world. Donate to Africa Sponsor to Africa “Western governments are not supposed to wield commercial and political power at the same time, and certainly not to use one to benefit the other,” says Burgis. R easons why Africa is the poorest Continent are numerous to list, but first of all a gold mine in the Democratic Republic of Congo. But human rights groups attest that oppression remains a fact of life.[1]. © Copyright 2014 - 2021 Newslex Media Group, Inc - All rights reserved, NASA Scientists Claim To Have A Way Of Making Oxygen On Mars, To Get Free Followers And Likes On Instagram Followers Gallery, Date For The Latest iPhone Debut Is Finally Set, Shock As Pastor Dies In Church Moments After Stepping Down From His Position, US Election Observers Will Not Cover Uganda Elections After EC Denied 75% Of Their Journalists Accreditation, Thousands Flee Kampala City As The Country Goes into Polls Tomorrow, Vintage Stephen Curry Resurrects In Thrilling Victory Over The Portland Trail Blazers, BREAKING NEWS: Ugandan Sports Icon Zebra Ssenyange Mando Murdered In Cold Blood, Elon Musk Passes Jeff Bezos As Richest Man In The World, Industrialist To Train Youth In Hands On Skills, Jack Ma, China’s Third Richest Man Disappears From The Public Eye, How Climate Change Will Impact Human Rights Of Millions Across The World, Are We Still Focused On Climate Change With The Covid-19 Pandemic Ravaging The World, Two U.S. States Confirm Cases Of Virus Variant First Registered In U.K, Uganda To Receive First Doses Of Covid-19 Vaccine In June 2021, Bebe Cool Should Groom His Children Not To End Up As Beggars Like Him – Mikie Wine, Disney Posthumously Honors Chadwick Boseman On His 44th Birthday, Ugandan Artistes Have A lot To Learn From Nigerians, We Need Them More Than They Need Us – Spice Diana, FORTEBET: Thank You Kiryandongo, Bweyale, Kigumba, Karuma, 3 Types Of Women A Man Should Never Date – According To Relationship Expert, Parents Disown Twins Who Fell In Love With Each Other, They Share Video Of Journey To Their Marriage, I Need A Man I Can Share My Wealth With – Young Lawyer Cries Out, Bitter Lady Sues Boyfriend For Dating Her For 8 Years Without Marriage. They are not on the same continent. vs. The subsequent decline of Asia was attributed to its integration with a world economy shaped by colonialism and driven by imperialism. “Address the part that sits within the global system, which can be regulated from Western capitals.”. The British or Portugese would cultivate a small group of local people who would fuse political and commercial power to control the economy.”[2], “When the foreign power leaves, you are left with an elite that has no division between political and commercial power. After forging a close friendship with DR Congo President Joseph Kabila, he was granted a near monopoly on exporting the nation’s diamonds, and quickly became a billionaire. GDP per capita also allows for the comparison of the prosperity of the different continents of the Earth. I n 1820, Asia accounted for two-thirds of the world’s population and more than one-half of global income. To obtain a fair GDP per capita of a continent, one must use Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) GDP which brings about parity or equality among countries of a continent by considering a set of similar goods. “In colonial states. The ability of governments to rely on resource revenue leads to corruption and oppression, Burgis argues, as they are not accountable to their people through a social contract based on taxation and representation, the simply makes Africa the Poorest Continent. GDP per capita is the best measurement for the standard of living in a country indicating how prosperous the citizens of a country feel. Africa is considered the poorest continent on Earth. The only source of wealth is mines or oilfields, and that is a recipe for ultra-corrupt states. By the late 1960s, Asia was the poorest continent in the world when it came to income levels, marginal except for its large population. “(Almost) everywhere that receives a significant share of its income from oil or mining is badly run and often violent,[2] it’s in the nature of these industries to cause these problems.”, Botswana and South Africa have befitted from moving up the value chain developing high-skilled industries from natural resources rather than just exporting raw materials, such as diamond polishing or manufacturing metallic goods. The Angolan elite rejects accountability and does not tolerate any challenge from the public,[2] Burgis adds, recalling the recent case of activists being jailed for a public reading of a pro-democracy book. This is affecting the whole Venezuela nation. The continent had a cumulative GDP of about $20 trillion against a population of 360 million people. The Top 10 Poorest Countries In Africa – 2015, 8 Largest Private Equity Firms Operating In Africa, Magufulu shows 10 good examples how to lead an African country, US Executes Lisa Montgomery, The Only Woman On Federal Death Row, Gorillas At California Zoo Test Positive For Coronavirus, House Of Representatives Vows To Impeach Trump If Pence Won’t Act, Twitter Permanently Bans US President Donald J Trump’s Account, 4 People Dead After Protesters Attack The US Capitol Building, Congolese Doctor Who Discovered Ebola Warns Of Deadly Virus Worse Than Covid-19, A Large Number Of US Doctors, Nurses Are Refusing COVID-19 Vaccine, UK Grants AstraZeneca Approval For Its Coronavirus Vaccine, Pfizer Delays Coronavirus Vaccine Deliveries to 8 EU Nations, 5 Family Members Found Dead Inside Their Home On Christmas Day. “Government can behave that way if it doesn’t need the consent of its people,” the author says. “It’s human nature,” says Burgis. These savings total gross domestic product (GDP) of $ 314.67 billion, 15 billion more than in 2018 (+ 4.8%). Burgis spent years on the trail of elusive Chinese businessman Sam Pa, who has cycled through multiple aliases while making deals across the continent from Angolan oil to Zimbabwean diamonds. It is calculated by dividing the gross domestic product by the population of that country. From 1999 to 2002, the Kabila regime “transferred ownership of at least $5 billion of assets from the state-mining sector to private companies under its control with no compensation or benefit for the State treasury,” a United Nations investigation found. Responsibility for the plight of resource-dependent nations goes beyond traders and dictators. The continent had a GDP per capita (nominal) of US$37,477 in 2016. Or you can’t go to school because you have to stay home and take care of your siblings because you parents died of AIDS. J: He's a writer, editor, blogger, affiliate and a web developer, he loves thinking creatively and finding new ways to implement different programming ideas. Required fields are marked *. The US, Canada, and Mexico have some of the largest economies in the world promoted by the large gross domestic product. The nature of the global supply chain means that complicity with the crimes around resource extraction extends from African dictators all the way to a European mobile phone buyer. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Burgis recalls a meeting with a leading figure of Angola’s kleptocratic regime,[1] who argued passionately that he was protecting his people from even worse abuses. Is It Right To Remain In Touch With your Ex? The continent has lower levels of success economically than the other six continents around the world. How much money do people make in those countries? GDP per capita of a country is obtained by dividing the GDP by the size of the population. He suggests another option is to keep resources in the country and implement high tariffs to protect domestic industries, but African leaders have been reluctant to adopt such measures and this also makes Africa the Poorest Continent. Africa overall is much poorer than Europe, so obviously the poorest European countries are still a lot richer than the poorest African countries. Dominican Republic. As most of this continent has the world’s largest DESERT “ Sahara Desert “. T The country holds natural resources worth trillions of dollars but the population is blighted with extreme poverty and violence. The country is widely affected by the AIDs pandemic. This is not a Paywall, but Newslex Point's journalism consumes a lot of time, hard-work and money. The actual purchasing power of any currency is the quantity of that currency needed to buy a specified unit of a good or a basket of common goods and services. See below for a breakdown of where people living with less than $1.90 per day are located. The bonanza coincided with a ruthless crackdown on dissent. Ethiopia (GDP – per capita: $700) 09. in world news Gertler routed the cash through an elaborate network of offshore accounts in tax havens,[2] keeping the details of controversial deals secret. Africa is the poorest continent according to GDP per capita. This was barely more than the gross domestic product recorded by Bangladesh that year (314.65). “In this way, there is a pretty straight line from colonial exploitation to modern exploitation.”[1]. The Central African Republic is a landlocked African country with a high proportion of its population living in rural areas where subsistence farming is the most important occupational activity. April 18, 2016, Check also: The Top 10 Poorest Countries In Africa – 2015, Katanga saw a spectacular mining boom around the turn of the century, when President Laurent-Desire Kabila and then his son Joseph licensed international mining companies to tap its treasures.[2]. By the late 1960s, Asia was the poorest continent in the world when it came to income levels, marginal except for its large population. “The multinational companies hold enormous economic and political power in post-independence African countries,” he says. Niger (GDP – per capita: $700) By the late 1960s, Asia was the poorest continent in … Most of the top ten poorest countries are in Africa with the majority having a per capita GDP of less than $1,500. Burundi, located in Central Africa, is the number one poorest country in the … The Central African Republic is the poorest continet in the world. This arrangement generated riches for the Congolese elite, and vastly more for the prospectors, but offered little to the poverty-ravaged population. However, it does not reflect the economic output in international trade. Newslex point is also accessible via the web at www.newslexpoint.com and on mobile devices like tablet computers and via your cell phones. Those are just a few of the reasons that Africa has become the poorest continent in the world. [2], “That financial secrecy is available is not Africa’s fault,” says Burgis. Burgis applauds steps such as the Kimberley Process for preventing ‘blood diamond’ trade, but feels that developed nations could go much further. The education in Africa is very poor, which leads to many of the problems in Africa. Africa is the poorest continent according to GDP per capita. Ranked the poorest countries in the world. Africa has an average GDP per capita of 1,809, the lowest of the six continents. Africa is the least developed continent in the world, having 34 of the 49 poorest countries. The unemployment and bad economic circumstances are giving birth to more and more poverty. As I have answered the above question, Venezuela is the poorest country in the Continent South America. “In the case of African resource deals, offshore funds have been shown to conceal questionable transactions,” says Burgis. The World Bank is able to rank the poorest countries in the world using GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). Newslex point is a Ugandan based online news resource under Newslex Media Group, we bring you both Uganda news and international news stories from around the web. Somewhere like Nigeria, an ‘extractor elite’ wanted to draw to itself the rent that oil and mining resources generate.”. With a GDP of $27,222 billion, Asia contains the world’s richest country as well! 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