Studies suggested that microbes account for most of the diversity of life on our planet, due to their presence in almost all ecosystems. In an ecosystem, all the species depend on each other directly or indirectly. Biodiversity is important to most aspects of our lives. 2,3 The drivers and feedback mechanisms between biodiversity and ecosystem services are complex, non-linear and can be synergistic, 4 but it is clear that species diversity can … Many still do, but many do not. According to the Encyclopedia of Earth, species diversity is a measurement of an ecosystem’s species richness and species evenness. We value biodiversity for many reasons, some utilitarian, some intrinsic. Importance of genetic diversity: Due to pollution, there may be adverse effects on some specific species and loss of fertility due to changes in genes.As each species has different genes which gives it a different strength and immune system. 8. Biodiversity provides vast genetic pools and different habitats, which preserve the existence of life on Earth. A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms Healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters. We suggest that by shifting the focus to the variety of functions maintained by a diversity of species, the full importance of biodiversity for the functioning of ecosystems can be uncovered. 10. https://greentumble.com/why-is-it-important-to-conserve-biodiversity We will work to cumulate Top 10 things related to nature and world that will definitely help you in increasing your knowledge. Ecosystem helps in balancing the energy and matter flowing or transferring from one organism to another. Kan Dail It provides the raw material for future medicine in the diverse genes of the organisms such as plans or other species. Rain forests contain 50 percent of the world’s animal and plant species. This is the largest scale of biodiversity and within each set of the ecosystem, there is both species and genetic diversity. A diverse species assemblage also contributes to ecosystem diversity. This small nano-sized organism has made every individual being hostile by himself only. Biological balancerefers to the interrelationships a… Let us take each one of them in turn. The loss of an ecosystem means the loss of the interactions between species and the loss of biological productivity that an ecosystem is able to create. Why is Biodiversity Important? Ecosystems provide ecosystem services that support human agriculture: pollination, nutrient cycling, … 2. Functional diversity is of high ecological importance because it is capable of influencing several aspects of ecosystem functioning like ecosystem dynamics, stability, nutrient availability, etc. The diversity of plants in the many ecosystems is the source for medicines that humans use to treat disease. According to this hypothesis the significance of plant diversity in relation to deterioration of ecosystem functions may arise primarily from its effects on the recruitment of dominants rather than any immediate effects of species richness per se. 4. Covers characteristics of biodiversity and its importance. Biodiversity is responsible for the air we breathe, the water we drink and teh food we eat. By increasing species diversity in an ecosystem, both the efficiency and the productivity of an ecosystem increases. Species diversity is the number of individual species that exist in a certain location. Although the impacts of the loss of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning are well established, the importance of the loss of biodiversity relative to other human-caused drivers of environmental change remains uncertain. The majority of species in ecosystems are rare, but the ecosystem consequences of losing rare species are poorly known. Ecosystem services are the benefits people receive from nature. The example includes variation in deserts, forests, grasslands, wetlands and oceans. Biodiversity is a community of all the living organisms on the earth and the diversity among them from all the ecosystems. Biodiversity is important for maintaining an important balance of the ecosystem. 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