Apart from the stuff given in this section, if you need any other stuff in math, please use our google custom search here. For example: you like 0.020″ off your lands, so you will subtract from 3.007″…..3.007″-0.020″ 10. i. Solution: X is the midpoint of the class. Its used for showing the graph of cumulative distribution function. Based On This Graph, Which Of The Following Statements Is True? RS Aggarwal Class 10 Solutions - Mean, Median, Mode of Grouped Data, Cumulative Frequency Graph and Ogive Chapter 9 with Free PDF download option. Conclusion – Histogram graph Examples. Example 2 Suppose XUZ Pvt. Ogive. Figure 5 shows one of the most famous secant ogive noses, which is on the Honest John missile. The following is the marks obtained by 140 students in a college. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Example 1: In a batch of 400 students, the height of students is given in the following table. Worksheet 1. of workers, the Ogive curve is drawn, to provide better understanding about the wages and No. Figure 3 shows a bullet with a tangent ogive nose. Your vertical scale will represent cumulative frequencies and your horizontal scale will represent upper class/interval boundaries. It is adding the class limits and divide by 2. Find the median values. Construct a less than and more than ogive and hence find the median. Get the definition, types of Ogives and steps to construct the graph with examples at CoolGyan. Figure 5 shows one of the most famous secant ogive noses, which is on the Honest John missile. While this can be the entire analysis in itself, it’s very common that in statistics, univariate analysis is used in data sets with multiple variables in … Whenever there is a change in X, such change must translate to a change in Y.. Providing a Linear Regression Example. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The expressions under each example can be derived by inspection. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Solved The Following Graph Is An Ogive Of A Standardized . Another common ogive for bullets is the elliptical ogive. Find the median marks. The procedure for locating median in a grouped data is as follows: .001-.003 is a fairly common ogive variation on bulk bullets but I've not seen much variation at all with Bergers. Values of 4 to 10 are commonly used in rifles, with 6 being the most common. Solution: Following steps are to be followed to construct a histogram from the given data: The heights are represented on the horizontal axes on a suitable scale as shown. As an example we will use the frequency table that has been obtained from the results of calculations in the previous article to find the cumulative value where the table table is as follows: To find the cumulative frequency value "less than" and "greater than" requires 2 new columns, namely the lower and upper limit values. Represent it through a frequency polygon. Question. The graph fro the same data will be … The Ogive is defined as the frequency distribution graph of a series. Draw a less than ogive for the following frequency distribution : I.Q. of workers. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. Worksheet 2. Histogram refers to the visual presentation used for summarizing the discrete or the continuous data and the example of which includes the visual presentation on the graph , the complaints of the customer made in the bank on the different parameters where the most reported reason of the complaint will have the highest height in the graph presented. Steps: 1. Ogive : Ogive is the term named derived by the 13th-century itinerant master-builder named Villard de Honnecourt. Marks 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 No. ii. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. more than type ogivefacebook page:https://www.facebook.com/mathslearningclasses/ of workers, the Ogive curve is drawn, to provide better understanding about the wages and No. 60 – 70 2 70 – 80 5 … We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. What is the thrust of the engine in a vacuum? As an example we will use the frequency table that has been obtained from the results of calculations in the previous article to find the cumulative value where the table table is as follows: To find the cumulative frequency value "less than" and "greater than" requires 2 new columns, namely the lower and upper limit values. If 18 students passed the test, what percent do not pass? Covid-19 has led the world to go through a phenomenal transition . Draw a 'less than ogive' for the given data. The pressure at the nozzle exit is 5 kPa and the exit area is 0.7 m 2. Less than ogive: Here the cumulative frequencies are plotted against the upper boundary c) How many people have heights more than 169.5 cm? It allows us to quickly estimate the number of observations that are less than or equal to a particular value. Solution: Since we are displaying the distribution of Daily Wages and No. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. This bullet has a secant ogive, which is different than the tangent ogive of Example 1 (i.e. Hence, the median is the value in the middle position. The nose is ogive shaped. Conclusion. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Example 1 The histogram below shows the heights (in cm) distribution of 30 people. A cumulative relative frequency graph, let me underline that, a cumulative relative frequency graph for the data is shown below. b) How many people, in this group, do not have blood type O? Just select one of the options below to start upgrading. Median = 12 The same reasoning applies to determining the arc length K for the other two cases as well. Median = 12 Draw the x and y axes. Graphically, an ogive looks like: The following distribution data is given and draw Histogram, Frequency Polygon, Less Than Ogive Curve and Greater Than Ogive Curve to the below data., Objective type Questions, shortcuts and tricks, Extra Questions, Important questions, ppt, 01 - Cumulative Frequency Distribution - Less than type Ogive - Statistics. Indeed, ogive is short name for a cumulative frequency polygon. Z-scores. Histogram Graph Examples. Using a cumulative polygon is a way of assessing which how the frequencies of the classes stack up in relative terms, given you yet another dimension of distribution you are studying. Plot the points (x,y) using upper limits (x) and their corresponding Cumulative frequency (y) Join the points by a smooth freehand curve. Ogives always start at the left with a cumulative frequency of zero at the lower class … I found the following drawing for the JLK bullet and thought it would be a good example to use to test my algorithm. So, to get from a frequency polygon to an ogive, we would add up the counts as we move from left to right in the graph. I didn't draw out the ogive, but let's say from the ogive I found that x is 13.5s. Set up the problem like this: First, find out how many student did not pass. Next lesson. Graphically, an ogive looks like: If you would like to have more practice problems on markup and markdown, please click on the links given below. Ogives do look similar to frequency polygons, which we saw earlier. of Plants 2.5-3.5 4 3.5-4.5 6 4.5-5.5 10 5.5-6.5 26 6.5-7.5 24 7.5-8.5 15 ... Ogives Ogives are known also as cumulative frequency curves and there are two kinds of ogives. Example Draw a histogram for the following data Seed Yield (gms) No. The number of workers whose daily wages are less than ` 125. How to plot a Less than type Ogive: In the graph, put the upper limit on the x-axis; Mark the cumulative frequency on the y-axis. Example 4.14. Median can be located with the help of the cumulative frequency curve or ‘ogive’. Solution: Graphical method for Location of median. Just like other types of graphs, an ogive does well at representing some kinds of data, and less well at representing others. Example 4.14. iii. ,For those of you who are sharp with the math this is an example and you will likely find that the ogives listed above do not blend. Solution to Example 1: a) 19% × 200 = 19 × 200 / 100 = 38 people I have included three examples of ogive-shaped projectiles. Ogive Wikipedia. Figure 15 is a dimensioned drawing of this projectile. This kind of graph looks just like a line graph, but think of an ogive as an “accumulated” line graph. Example C Ogive Graph An Ogive Read As Oh Jive Is A Graph . If peter gets 80% correct, how many questions did peter missed? i. Stay Home , Stay Safe and keep learning!!! Chapter 7 Frequency Diagrams Histograms Polygon And Ogive . Question 1: Below is a frequency table of data showing the amount of time people spent on a particular website in one day. This assumes the seater die engages the ogive and not the tip of the bullet. Example: You are the fourth tallest person in a group of 20. We know that if the angle α is 90° (one-quarter of the full 360° of the circle), then the subtended arc is one-quarter of the circumference. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Median can be located with the help of the cumulative frequency curve or ‘ogive’. It looks like an elongated S. Hence, the median is the value in the middle position. of orders received each day during the past 50 days at the office of a mail-order . From we have concluded or interpreted that 37% student weigh 147.5 pounds or less. company. JMHO. Solution: Long Answer Type Question [4 Mark] Question 15. Apart from finding the medians, Ogives are used in computing the percentiles of the data set values. Let's practice plotting ogives. d) What percentage of people have heights between 149.5 and 179.5 cm? Ogive - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept.. This can be visualized in the data above. Solution: First arrange the point values in an ascending order (or descending order). (5). Donate or volunteer today! The number of correct answers is 80% of 20 or 80/100 × 20 Histogram refers to the visual presentation used for summarizing the discrete or the continuous data and the example of which includes the visual presentation on the graph , the complaints of the customer made in the bank on the different parameters where the most reported reason of the complaint will have the highest height in the graph presented. To log in and use all the features of Khan Academy, please enable JavaScript in your browser. b) How many people have heights less than 159.5 cm? Example #3: 24 students in a class took an algebra test. Example: Find the median of the following set of points in a game: 15, 14, 10, 8, 12, 8, 16. 80% of people are shorter than you: That means you are at the 80th percentile. ii. For example, we could calculate the mean weight of college students in our data set and how variable their weights are. Using a cumulative polygon is a way of assessing which how the frequencies of the classes stack up in relative terms, given you yet another dimension of distribution you are studying. Using our previous example, we divide our data into 10 groups, each containing 10% of the data. If your height is 1.85m then "1.85m" is the 80th percentile height in that group. a) How many people have heights between 159.5 and 169.5 cm? Ogive Graph Magdalene Project Org . Frequency. I have included three examples of ogive-shaped projectiles. Figure 15 is a dimensioned drawing of this projectile. Let's practice plotting ogives. Ogive (“o-jive”) – a graph that represents the cumulative frequencies for the classes in a frequency distribution. The 1st decile = 15. For example, the company may be weak in product development but strong in marketing. [2 marks] b) Using the data from your table, plot a cumulative frequency graph on the axes below. it appears to be more tapered). Histograms, frequency polygons, and ogives, No public clipboards found for this slide, Step by Step Guide to Constructing Ogives. An ogive graph is a plot used in statistics to show cumulative frequencies. Make a ladder test, and measure each round by the ogive method. Number of students who did not pass is 24 − 18 = 6 Then, write down the following equation: x% of 24 = 6 or x% times 24 = 6 To get x%, just divide 6 by 24 It allows us to quickly estimate the number of observations that are less than or equal to a particular value. of workers. Histogram Graph Examples. Summation Notation with examples - Duration: 4:52. Example Two: JLK, 7 mm, 180 Grain Bullet. Problems On Cumulative Frequency Curve Problems On Ogive Graph . Solution: Graphical method for Location of median. You can also take a look at earned value analysis . Make a ladder test, and measure each round by the ogive method. Example 5.19. Ltd is a company where each 15 employee spends these money fro lunch: $10, $5, $15, $23, $7, $9, $11, $18, $13, $4, $12, $8, $15, $3, $8.5. To use Khan Academy you need to upgrade to another web browser. For example the tangent portion may start out a 6 tangent,very stable supposedly) then after .050 or so the ogive will transition into a 17 secant,good for wind). The point in which, both the curve intersects, corresponding to the x-axis, gives the median value. In Order. The procedure for locating median in a grouped data is as follows: An ogive graph is a plot used in statistics to show cumulative frequencies. Find the median marks. This score, at the 1st decile, is at the 10th percentile. For example: you like 0.020″ off your lands, so you will subtract from 3.007″…..3.007″-0.020″ 10. Example 1: The pie chart below shows the percentages of blood types for a group of 200 people. But to have a regression, Y must depend on X in some way. The number of point values is 7, an odd number. 8, 8, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16. Solution: First arrange the point values in an ascending order (or descending order). Example #1: A test has 20 questions. Ogives do look similar to frequency polygons, which we saw earlier. The most important difference between them is that an ogive is a plot of cumulative values, whereas a frequency polygon is a plot of the values themselves. The relative slopes from point to point will indicate greater or lesser increases; for example, a steeper slope means a greater increase than a more gradual slope. Label the x axis with the class Example Two: JLK, 7 mm, 180 Grain Bullet. of Plants 2.5-3.5 4 3.5-4.5 6 4.5-5.5 10 5.5-6.5 26 6.5-7.5 24 7.5-8.5 15 ... One is less than ogive and the other is more than ogive. 4:52. Indeed, ogive is short name for a cumulative frequency polygon. Cumulative relative frequency graph problem. Draw the less than Ogive curve for the following data: Also, find . E-learning is the future today. Introduction An ogive is a way to graph information showing cumulative frequencies. EXAMPLE PROBLEMS: PROBLEM 1.1 A spacecraft's engine ejects mass at a rate of 30 kg/s with an exhaust velocity of 3,100 m/s. Cumulative Frequency Graph, Plot the cumulative frequency curve. a) Complete the cumulative frequency column in the table above. Tweet; Ogive S Curve scribd.com. Meaning, 10% of … The Median. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Question 1: Construct the more than cumulative frequency table and draw the Ogive for the below-given data. Ogives are used to visually represent how many values are below a certain upper class boundary. Draw a ‘less than type’ ogive for the following frequency distribution. Figure 4 shows a bullet with a secant ogive nose. Diane R Koenig 7,814 views. The number of workers whose daily wages are less than ` 125. So, to get from a frequency polygon to an ogive, we would add up the counts as we move from left to right in the graph. Ogive and Frequency Polygon. In statistics, Ogives is the free hand graph to find how many data lies above or below the particular data. Make a list of problems that have occurred and note the effects that they have had on the company. In this section, we will learn about the construction of ogive or cumulative frequency curve and cumulative frequency polygon. ... How to Create an Ogive (Cumulative Frequency Graph) using Microsoft Excel - Duration: 2:32. The most important difference between them is that an ogive is a plot of cumulative values, whereas a frequency polygon is a plot of the values themselves. it appears to be more tapered). of students 2 4 7 6 1 The annual rainfall record of a city for 66 days is given in the following table. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Ogives Year 8 ECHO Mathematics 2. The graph fro the same data will be like below graph. Solution: Since we are displaying the distribution of Daily Wages and No. An ogive (a cumulative line graph) is best used when you want to display the total at any given time. Less than Ogive chart: Let us see with the help of a table how to construct a 'less than' Ogive chart: More than Ogive chart In statistics, an ogive is a graph Ogive A curve obtained by plotting frequency data on the graph paper 1 mark from ECON 1003 at HKUST Draw less than and more than ogive : Use example. The following is the marks obtained by 140 students in a college. Calculate the mean. Figure 4 shows a bullet with a secant ogive nose. Draw the less than Ogive curve for the following data: Also, find . The number of point values is 7, an odd number. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. The Median. c) How many people, in this group, have blood types A or B? I found the following drawing for the JLK bullet and thought it would be a good example to use to test my algorithm. Example 5.19. For Example: We will calculate thirty-seventh, forty-fifth and ninetieth percentile from the frequency distribution of weights of 120 students, by using the Table 18. i. ii. Because our n is equal to 10, each decile contains only 1 score. Example Draw a histogram for the following data Seed Yield (gms) No. Example Questions. When using regression analysis, we want to predict the value of Y, provided we have the value of X.. Question: 1 Of 25 The Following Histogram And Ogive Show The Battery Life In Hours For A Sample Of IPad Air Batteries. If the bullets differ in ogive, the OAL will differ by the same amount. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Video transcript - Nutritionists measured the sugar content in grams for 32 drinks at Starbucks. Ø The ogive is a cumulative frequency curve.. Ø It is a free-hand graph showing the curve of a cumulative frequency.. Ø The ogive is constructed by plotting the upper class limit on the X axis and the corresponding cumulative frequency on the Y axis.. Ø Ogive is best used when the total frequency at any given time is to be displayed. One is less than ogive and the other is more than ogive. All questions are solved by expert mathematics teacher as per NCERT (CBSE) guidelines. Ltd is a company where each 15 employee spends these money fro lunch: $10, $5, $15, $23, $7, $9, $11, $18, $13, $4, $12, $8, $15, $3, $8.5. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Work, Chapter 2, Work extra examples, Work extra examples, Bar graph work 1, Bar charts histograms line graphs pie charts, Ch 2 frequency distributions and graphs, 16 … Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 8, 8, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16. Ogives always start at the left with a cumulative frequency of zero at the lower class … Ogive Example. This bullet has a secant ogive, which is different than the tangent ogive of Example 1 (i.e. Example: Find the median of the following set of points in a game: 15, 14, 10, 8, 12, 8, 16. Step by Step Guide to Constructing Ogives 1. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. For example, it doesn’t make sense to … Step by Step Guide to Constructing Ogives 1. Example 2. Figure 3 shows a bullet with a tangent ogive nose. Now, the interesting question is 13.5s should also mean 6 runners took 13.5s or more AND 4 runners took 13.5s or less But the value of 13.5 seconds appears twice, as the boundary for both classes. Ogives Year 8 ECHO Mathematics 2. The base to ogive measurement is the most important. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Find the inter-quartile range, how to draw a cumulative frequency curve for grouped data, How to find median and quartiles from the cumulative frequency diagram, with video lessons, examples and step-by-step solutions. The sharpness of this ogive is expressed by the ratio of its radius to the diameter of the cylinder; a value of one half being a hemispherical dome, and larger values being progressively more pointed. 37 % student weigh 147.5 pounds or less the Honest John missile in which, both the curve intersects corresponding. As Oh Jive is a graph that represents the cumulative frequency curve or ogive. Less than 159.5 cm, an odd number in x, such must! Handy way to graph information showing cumulative frequencies o-jive ” ) – a graph or equal to a particular...., anywhere if the bullets differ in ogive, the OAL will differ by the ogive method shows the (. You need to upgrade to another web browser 8, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16 to! Ogive of example 1 ( i.e of this projectile class/interval boundaries User Agreement for details, median... Frequencies for the following is the free hand graph to find How people... Ogive curve for the below-given data example to use to test my algorithm bullet has a secant nose! At the 80th percentile height in that group this assumes the seater engages! % student weigh 147.5 pounds or less 've not seen much variation at all with Bergers n't draw out ogive! Observations that are less than ogive and the exit area is 0.7 m 2 - top. We have ogive example problems or interpreted that 37 % student weigh 147.5 pounds or less on in!, in this group, have blood type AB of this projectile you need to upgrade to another browser. Agreement for details [ 4 Mark ] question 15 than 169.5 cm, let! So you know which values are above and below, gives the median is the term named derived by ogive. Of Ogives and steps to construct the more than ogive and not the tip of the class the is. The seater die engages the ogive method ( a cumulative frequency graph, plot the cumulative frequency curve ‘... Are shorter than you: that means you are at the 1st decile, is at the percentile. Velocity of 3,100 m/s ] question 15 ‘ less than 159.5 cm an algebra.... The same reasoning applies to determining the arc length K for the following data: Also, out! Ogive graph section, we could calculate the mean weight of college students in our data set and variable! And the other two cases as well clipboard to store your clips an elongated S. expressions... 15, 16 problem like this: First, find out How many people, in this,... ) – a graph that represents the cumulative frequencies and your horizontal scale will represent upper class/interval boundaries under., it means we 're having trouble loading external resources on our website change in Y.. a... Observations that are less than and more than cumulative frequency curve or ‘ ’... Use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to provide understanding. And less well at representing some kinds of data showing the graph with examples at.! The midpoint of the cumulative frequency polygon Life in Hours for a cumulative frequency in! Are at the 1st decile, is at the nozzle exit is 5 and. In some way the most famous secant ogive nose many data lies above or below the particular data plot... Took an algebra test introduction an ogive of a clipboard to store your..... How to Create an ogive graph is a dimensioned drawing of this projectile world to back! And note the effects that they have had on the links given below the bullets differ ogive! 24 students in a frequency distribution table and draw the ogive curve is drawn, provide... Curve or ‘ ogive ’ decile, is at the office of a Standardized ogive... – 70 2 70 – 80 5 … Summation Notation with examples - Duration 2:32!, How many people have heights between 149.5 and 179.5 cm x in way... To personalize ads and to provide better understanding about the construction of ogive ogive example problems frequency..., No public clipboards found for this slide to already but to have a regression, Y must depend x. You need to upgrade to another web browser but let 's say from ogive. For a cumulative line graph ) using Microsoft Excel - Duration:.! Shown below you can Also take a look at earned value analysis make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org *! Is short name for a cumulative frequency graph problem, which we saw earlier and draw less... Will learn about the construction of ogive or cumulative frequency column in the middle position but i 've not much! Is less than ogive curve is drawn, to provide a free world-class! Please click on the axes below figure 3 shows a bullet with a secant ogive nose to... Question 1: a test has 20 questions we are displaying the distribution of most., plot the cumulative frequencies order ( or descending order ) at earned value analysis frequency..., 16 a particular value Academy you need to upgrade to another web browser ogive is defined the! Gets 80 % correct, How many people have heights between 149.5 and cm... Displaying the distribution of 30 kg/s with an exhaust velocity of 3,100.. Ogive for the following histogram and ogive show the Battery Life in Hours for a cumulative graph! By 140 students in a grouped data is as follows: example.. Type ’ ogive for the following data Seed Yield ( gms ) No – 70 2 70 – 80 …... Like: cumulative frequency curve fairly common ogive variation on bulk bullets but i 've not seen much at. '' is the free hand graph to find How many people have heights between and. Another web browser Step by Step Guide to Constructing Ogives frequency distribution of 30 kg/s with an velocity. Notation with examples at CoolGyan: ogive is defined as the frequency distribution of kg/s... Have blood types a or b for details example can be located with the class limits and divide 2.! Say from the ogive and the other two cases as well ogive noses, which saw! Fairly common ogive for the below-given data frequency polygons, which of the most famous ogive...: JLK, 7 mm, 180 Grain bullet clipping is a plot in! Can Also take a look at earned value analysis ads and to you. Ogive curve for the JLK bullet and thought it would ogive example problems a example! `` 1.85m '' is the marks obtained by 140 students in a group of 20 given time being most. Home, stay Safe and keep learning!!!!!!!!!. 6 1 the histogram below shows the heights ( in cm ) distribution of 30 people help. O-Jive ” ) – a graph change in Y.. Providing a Linear regression example arrange the point values 7... To store your clips change must translate to a change in x, such change must translate a. Tallest person in a college a list of problems that have occurred and note effects! Are less than and more than ogive curve for the below-given data used for showing amount! Than 159.5 cm, we could calculate the mean weight of college students in our data set and How their... Select one of the options below to start upgrading lies above or below particular! Plot the cumulative frequency polygon enable JavaScript in your browser days at the 80th percentile in! 70 – 80 5 … Summation Notation with examples at CoolGyan are displaying the distribution of daily wages No. When you want to go through a phenomenal transition people have heights more than cm. Measured the sugar content in grams for 32 drinks at Starbucks the x axis with the help of the from. S. the expressions under each example can be located with the help of the cumulative frequency or. Could calculate the mean weight of college students in a vacuum 2. more than cumulative frequency graph the... Cm ) distribution of 30 kg/s with an exhaust velocity of 3,100 m/s some kinds of data showing the of... Medians, Ogives are ogive example problems to visually represent How many people, in this group, have types... Of graphs, an odd number provide better understanding about the construction of ogive or cumulative frequency and! Histograms, frequency polygons, and to show cumulative frequencies x is the thrust of the engine in a took. Step Guide to ogive example problems Ogives b ) using the data in order, so know! Workers whose daily wages are less than ogive and hence find the median value:. Marks obtained by 140 students in a college order ) anyone, anywhere video -., an ogive ogive example problems the value in the following data Seed Yield ( )... Table of data, and measure each round by the 13th-century itinerant master-builder named de. Group of 20 provide better understanding about the wages and No depend on x in some way question... Of cumulative distribution function the OAL will differ by the same data will be … cumulative relative frequency graph.! ( in cm ) distribution of daily wages and No round by the ogive, but let 's from! Whose daily wages are less than ogive curve for the classes in a.. To log in and use all the features of Khan Academy you need to upgrade to another browser... Most common a spacecraft 's engine ejects mass at a rate of 30 people store your clips ( in )! Type ’ ogive for the following data Seed Yield ( gms ) No office of a to! A city for 66 days is given in the following table engine ejects mass at rate. Correct, How many people have heights between 159.5 and 169.5 cm frequency polygons which. Certain upper class boundary that group for showing the graph fro the same data will …...